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Uses of Stone

stones used in various places
The stones are used in the construction of buildings from the ancient times and most of the ancient temples, forts and mosques of India were built with stones as the major material. The Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Parliament house and Rashtrapati Bhawan at Delhi and various other prominent structures spread throughout the length and breadth of our country furnish us the awesome examples of uses of the stone as building material. At present, they are largely used as the basic material for the manufacturing of the other construction materials like concrete, bricks etc.

Following are the various uses to which stones are employed:
  1. Structure: Stones are used for foundations, walls, columns, lintels, arches, roofs, floors, damp proof course etc.
  2. Face works: Stones are adopted to give massive appearance to the structure. Wall are of bricks and facing is done in stones of desired shades. This is known as composite masonry.
  3. Paving stones: These are used to cover floor of building of various types such as residential, commercial, industrial etc. They are also adopted to form paving of roads, foot paths etc.
  4. Basic material: Stones are disintegrated and converted to form a basic material for cement concrete, morum of roads, calcareous cements, artificial stones, hallow blocks etc.
  5. Misalliances: Stones  are  also  used  for  (i)  ballast  for railways   (ii)   flux in blast furnace (iii)   Blocks   in   the construction  of  bridges,  piers,  abutments,  retaining  walls, light houses, dams etc.

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